What are the major roles that must be in a software development team? How can they split the work together? What is the ideal number of the team for small-mid projects for beginner developers?


A great UX designer has to be attentive to details, be able to easily notify, and fix user problems. Their creativity is helpful in solving various problems, understanding business goals, and looking at them from many different perspectives to find the best solution. This specialist’s work and decisions aren’t based on mere intuition, they are heavily researched and based on user studies. A user experience designer’s main task is to care about users’ experiences when interacting with the final product.

roles in software development team

Professional business analysts are usually qualified to take over some of a product owner’s tasks, like managing the product backlog, modeling workflows, and others. A traditional Waterfall project team is built based on hierarchical relations between team members, so there are managers and subordinates with well-defined responsibilities. Such a team structure grants a project manager more control over the project workflows. The leader should have the leadership qualities for maintaining good communication between the development team and clients.

Quality assurance specialists and testers

One person must be responsible for maintaining the long-term vision and determining the steps needed two achieve it. The first option is perhaps the most obvious – you could hire your own full-time team and keep your technology builds in house. This is a great option if you have a larger business with steady software work needs that vary. If this is the route you’ll take, it’s essential that you plan ahead of time what you can afford and what specific types of people you’re looking for. Keep communication channels open, whether through scheduled meetings, instant messaging, project management software, or a different method.

roles in software development team

When it comes to having a perfect and successful software development team, the best thing to do is to have a high-performing team with around 6 to 7 people. These team members must be able to communicate with each other perfectly with minimal overhead coordination. They also must be able to solve all the types of challenges that come their way during the development process. Whether your custom software development team is in-house or outsourced, once everyone is on the same page about expectations, you can move forward with your project and get the product you need and want. The key to forming a successful software development team lies in the people – once you align them, you can sit back and start bringing your innovations to life.

Types of Development Teams

It’s hard to overestimate the role of the PM in the app development process. This is an advantageous but often overlooked skill to include in your team structure. While you will work closely with experts at the business, a team lead experienced in providing excellent software development services will include a business lead with knowledge of the company’s industry.

  • The UX part stands for thinking out an entire journey of a user’s interaction with a product.
  • But, although a single developer might be able to fulfill a few roles simultaneously and successfully deliver a great product, having additional, more specialistic roles ensures better optimization of skills.
  • All the while, this role keeps an eye on the conceptual and technical integrity of the features being implemented to make sure they’re in line with the overall business strategy.
  • They make high-level design choices based on non-functional requirements and dictates coding standards together with tools and platforms.
  • To put it simply, they spot the bugs and problems before your users do.

This will inevitably lead to burnout, especially if you’re taking on a single long-term product/project. For people who haven’t gotten their feet wet in agile before, mistakes are inevitable and are a core part of the learning process. Mistakes should be encouraged and openly discussed, especially at the beginning of a project. Questions lead to important clarifications, discoveries, and many times, process improvements that the team wouldn’t have recognized before. Are more expensive than off-the-shelf software solutions, but the benefits they create are worth the price tag. It demonstrates a readiness to find the best possible solution rather than blindly follow the instructions.

It’s highly possible that project managers don’t well-know the product which they are creating. They use different methodologies and are focused mainly on controlling the project. A Software Architect makes high-level design choices based on non-functional requirements and dictates coding standards together with tools and platforms. This person is also responsible for reviewing the code, ensuring the design’s quality, avoiding too much complexity and focusing on clarity.

Who’s Who on a Software Development Team? A Beginner’s Guide

What’s extra challenging is securing candidates who are in such high demand. For this reason, many companies resort to recruiting offshore developers. Software developers are the creative geniuses behind every computer program or system we enjoy today. They use their technical skills to develop software that solves everyday problems. You can mix specialists and generalists together to get the best of both worlds. In doing so, the generalists can handle solutions in areas that they are good at.

roles in software development team

However, if you’re going to completely redesign an existing app, launch a fully functioning product, or deal with another complex software solution, the number of team members you’ll need will increase. This is why you need a skilled UI/UX designer on your software development team. It may be confusing to software development team roles differentiate between the roles of business analyst and system analyst , especially if you’re new to product development. Business analysis is a wider concept, covering an entire organization or business domain. System analysis focuses on technical specifics or the development of a particular product.

Software development team structure: deciding factors, approaches, roles, and responsibilities

On the other hand, the specialists can focus on functional areas within their expertise. Based on the company’s decision, the team can follow different software development life cycle models. It can be the waterfall model, V model, or the Agile methodology, among others. The team is composed of in-house employees, a group of freelancers, or a combination of both. As long as they work in sync with defined requirements and conditions, they can meet the business goals. Here are some things you should know about creating a development team and the roles that need to be filled.

roles in software development team

A good backend developer not only implements what they are told to but also looks for the most efficient ways to solve a given problem. Sometimes the idea you have might be time-consuming to implement but the same effect can be delivered faster using a different approach – backend devs will know it. Web development Build or scale a competitive product ready for future growth and millions of users.


Make suggestions about the best alternatives, considering engineering and business aspects. Define the technical and functional architecture of the overall system. Be the guardians of the project’s methodology and main promoters of quality.

Infrastructure as a code, automated processes, scalable, robust, and tailored cloud solutions – it’s their bread and butter. DevOps Engineer makes sure your application is fast, secure and accessible for people from all over the world. Your app needs to handle sudden spikes in user activity without being overloaded and stay online even if the whole servers’ warehouse is on fire. In an ideal situation, everyone would have a small team of generalists and experts working for them, getting along pretty smoothly. As a result, the vast majority of outsourced software development teams are generalists. To build a successful software development team, you should look for a portfolio of previous work, domain expertise, critical thinkers, and sensible pricing.

Frontend Developer

The Scrum Master facilitates Scrum and is responsible for addressing any problems that might hinder the ability of the development team from delivering on product goals. This person acts as a buffer between the development team and any inside or outside influences that detract from a project and ensures that team members are following the Scrum framework. A leader within the concept of Agile is different than with traditional project management, however. Here are the most common roles you can find across all development teams.

However, understanding software development team roles may be challenging because they have various areas of responsibility, processes, and approaches. If you want your users to fall in love with your products, and most importantly, convert through your sales funnels, then product designers are must-have members of development team you’re creating. Believe it or not, it is usually soft skills in turn for technical skills that define the success of your software development team. A well-developed project requires more than just programming, but a communicative and respectful team. Among the key functions development team members perform are planning, testing, analysis, programming, and many other activities throughout the course of the project. It’s not likely that all team members will have all the necessary skills to complete a project.

The importance of QA testers increases with each passing year and this is because the requirement for higher quality products keeps on growing. The aim behind this is to offer robust solutions that can handle increasing technical threats and reduce the vulnerabilities of the software solution. In addition to this, the developer has to create the deliverables and communicate the software’s status to the Project Managers or Technical Leads. Generally, a Product Owner’s main focus is to deliver the best final product. This means that somehow the key to project success lies in the Product Owner’s hands.

Software Developer Job Requirements

By definition, a software development team is a group of professionals working together to achieve a common goal. Through collaboration and an efficient process, they need to develop software geared towards a target market. They ensure that all functions solve people’s problems and achieve business goals. Namely, they determine how the product will look and how it will work.

UX designers are often confused with UI designers since the names are very much alike . With the right people in place to take on a variety of roles, organizations can deliver the most value from the Agile method. Developing new software quickly and efficiently is becoming increasingly important as organizations look to digitally transform their operations. That means the Agile Method will likely gain even more momentum as a development methodology.